Last edited by Brajind
Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

9 edition of Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries found in the catalog.

Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries

An Assessment of the Evidence

by Committee on the Prevention of HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk Countries

  • 247 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by National Academies Press .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Public health & preventive medicine,
  • Medical / Public Health,
  • Diseases - AIDS & HIV,
  • Health & Fitness,
  • Health/Fitness

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages298
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL10359231M
    ISBN 100309102804
    ISBN 109780309102803

    Global estimates of HCV infection among injecting drug users Article Literature Review in The International journal on drug policy 18(5) November with . Fisherfolk are among groups most at risk of HIV: Cross-country analysis of prevalence and numbers infected Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in AIDS 19(17) .

    The social geography of HIV/AIDS among injection drug users in Brazil. International Journal of Drug Policy. Volume (Issue): 13(2) pp. Abstract. The paper addresses the socio-geographical spread of HIV/AIDS among injection drug users (IDUs) in Brazil, highlighting patterns and trends of the epidemic in different Brazilian regions. opportunity for major gains in global HIV prevention: injecting drug use. In some regions of the world—Eastern Europe and Central Asia, for example—the ratio of new HIV infections among injecting drug users (IDUs) to those gaining access to .

    Use clean needles and syringes each time, and keep your own equipment to yourself. There are sterile syringe programs that can help provide clean needles. For more information on sterile syringe programs, please visit the Website. Because of the dangers of injection drug use, the best way to lower your risk is to stop injecting drugs. It has now been more than thirty years since the first HIV epidemic among injecting drug users (IDUs), which began in the mids in New York City (Des Jarlais et al., ).It has been twenty years since the first HIV epidemic among IDUs in a developing country (Bangkok, Thailand; Choopanya et al., ), which was the first definitive evidence that HIV among Cited by: 9.


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Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries by Committee on the Prevention of HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk Countries Download PDF EPUB FB2

Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries describes the evidence on the intermediate outcomes of drug-related risk and sex-related risk prior to examining the impact on HIV transmission.

Preventing HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk Countries: An Assessment of the Evidence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: / Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries describes the evidence on the intermediate outcomes of drug-related risk and sex-related risk prior to examining the impact on HIV transmission.

This report focuses on programs that are designed to prevent the transmission of HIV among injecting drug : Paperback. Get this from a library. Preventing HIV infection among injecting drug users in high-risk countries: an assessment of the evidence. [Institute of Medicine (U.S.).

Committee on the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk Countries.;]. Countries, Committee on the Prevention of HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk.

Preventing HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries: An Assessment of the Evidence. Washington: National Academies Press, © Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File. INTRODUCTION.

An estimated million persons inject drugs in countries []; nearly three-quarters of these individuals live in low- and middle-income countries [].Although injection drug use directly accounts for only 5%–10% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections worldwide, this percentage increases to 30% after excluding sub-Saharan Africa [].Cited by: OBJECTIVE: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection associated with injecting drug use has been reported in at least 98 countries and territories worldwide.

There is evidence that new epidemics are emerging in different regions, including Eastern Europe, Latin American, and the eastern by: 2 Institute of Medicine () Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries: An Assessment of the Evidence National Academies Press, Washington DC 3 Mathers BM, Degenhardt L, Phillips B, Wiessing L, Hickman File Size: KB.

An estimated million persons inject drugs in countries []; nearly three-quarters of these individuals live in low- and middle-income countries [].Although injection drug use directly accounts for only 5%–10% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections worldwide, this percentage increases to 30% after excluding sub-Saharan Africa [].Cited by: HIV Infection and HIV-Associated Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users — 20 Cities, United States, INSIDE.

Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide in an Indoor Ice Arena — New Hampshire, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Associated Health-Care Resource Use — North. Carolina, and Announcement. An international trial testing a preventive drug treatment for HIV nearly halved the rates of HIV transmission among injecting drug users.

Author(s): Committee on the Prevention of HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High-Risk Countries. Book: Preventing HIV infection among injecting drug users in high risk countries: an assessment of the evidence + pp. Sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment­—for example, cookers—puts people at risk for getting or transmitting HIV and other infections.

The risk for getting or transmitting HIV is very high if an HIV-negative person uses injection equipment that someone with HIV has used. This is because the needles, syringes, or other. Drug injection is a method of introducing a drug into the bloodstream via a hollow hypodermic needle and a syringe, which is pierced through the skin into the body (usually intravenously, but also at an intramuscular or subcutaneous location).

As ofthere were million people worldwide who used injection drugs, of which 22% are from developed countries. Papers p Injecting drug users have been capable of reducing their risky behaviour in the face of the HIV-AIDS epidemic.1 To many this risk reduction, shown in numerous studies from different parts of the world, was unexpected as drug users are often regarded as self destructive.

Nevertheless, because of the decrease in risky behaviour, the incidence of HIV Cited by: Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries describes the evidence on the intermediate outcomes of drug-related risk and sex-related risk prior to examining the impact on HIV transmission.

This report focuses on programs that are designed to prevent the transmission of HIV among injecting drug users. A high prevalence of HIV is now found among injecting drug users in many Asian countries including Myanmar, Vietnam, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Nepal, and Iran.4 In several of these countries authorities are now reporting that more than 60% of injecting drug users who have been tested are HIV positive.9 China alone is now estimated Cited by: In The Lancet today, Bradley Mathers and colleagues1 make a heroic effort—in fact, a systematic review—to document the coverage (services provided per individual in need of services) for HIV prevention and care for injecting drug users (IDUs) throughout the world.

Whilst the problems in obtaining data and in assessing the quality of data that could be obtained were formidable, two Cited by: 6. Successful HIV-prevention programmes among injecting drug users can commence at one site, be taken to scale and then replicated in other parts of the country.

Convenience of access In each of the case studies, injecting drug users were able to access services in a variety of ways and at various times. Involvement of injecting drug users. HIV prevalence in these countries was high, ranging from 9 percent in North America to 25 percent in Eastern Europe.

New perspectives on risk of HIV and hepatitis among injecting drug users. The high prevalence of HIV infection and drug dependence among prisoners, combined with the sharing of injecting drug equipment, make prisons a high-risk environment for the transmission of HIV.

Ultimately, this contributes to HIV epidemics in the communities to which prisoners return on their release. We reviewed the effectiveness of interventions to reduce injecting drug use risk Cited by: Injecting drug users face a high risk of exposure to infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other bloodborne viruses because of the shared use of injecting devices and because of risky sexual behaviour.

In the yearinjecting drug use accounted for 61% of .Introduction: Injection drug use is a major risk factor for HIV infection in the United States and numerous other countries. In the United States, injecting drug users (IDU) now account for more than one third of new AIDS cases (nearly double the proportion of 5 years ago), and for a majority of new HIV infections.